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EARLIER STYLES OF ARCHITECTURE.                                 171
I know of no Jaini temple in which there is anything to shock the most
sensitive delicacy ; ivhile the length to which some of the recognized followers
of Buddha could go in the deification of last has been sufficiently shown by
Dr. Mitra's description of the Guhya samagka. And this, it should be addeci^
though hitherto almost unknown to European stRdents, is no obscure treatise,
but is one of the nine most important works to which divine worship is con-
stantly offered by the Buddhists of Nepal.
Of the different styles of architecture that have prevailed in the district, the
memory of the earliest, the Indo~Greek? is preserved by a single small fragment
found in the Ambarisha hill, where a niche is supported bj columns with Ionic
capitals, Of the succeeding style, the Judo-Scythian, there are a few actual
architectural Temains and a considerable number of sculptured representa*
iions. No complete column has been recovered ; but the plain square bases,
cut into four steps, found at the Chatiwira mounds, belong to this period^ as
also Hie bell-shaped capital, surmounted by an inscribed abacus with an ele-
phant standing upon it, brought from a garden near the KanMIi tfia. It is
dated the year 39? ia the reign of Huvishka. In the sculptures, where an
trcade is shown, the abacus usually supports a pair of winged lions, crouch-
ing back to back; but in a fragment from the KanMIi tila, where the column is
meant for am isolated one, it bears an elephant, IE this last example the
shaft appears to be round, but it is more commonly shown ms octagonal. HiŠ
round bases, of which such a large number were unearthed from the Jamaipnr
mounds, many of them inscribed with the names of the, donors^ would seem
to have been ilsei for the support of statues. The name by which they are
designated in the inscriptions is Kwribhaka. The miniature pediraentSj carved
as a diaper or wall decoration, show that the temple fronts presented the same
appearance as in the K~asik caves. Ibis was peculiarly the Buddhist style and
died with the religioa to whose service it had been dedicated* After it came
the medieval Brahmanic style, which was prevalent all over Upper India ia
the time of PritM Raj and the Muhammadan conquest. In this the bell-
shaped capital appears as & vase with masses of dependent foliage at its four
comers. These have not only a very graceful effect, but are also of much
constructional s%nificaHce? since they counteract iihe weakness which would
otherwise have resulted from the attenuation of the vase at its base and neck.
The shaft itself frequently springs from & simiki* vase set upon a moulded
ba*se. Ia early examples, as in a pair of columns frnm the KaaMli ifla and
a fragment from Shergarh, the shaft has a ceHfeal band of droopiag lily-like
lowers^ with festoon? dependent from tibem, Later on, instead of fee band